French rules

Letter “C” pronounced as “S” or as “K”

“c” pronounced as “s” only before: “i” and “e”. Example: c’est cinema.

Before other letters “c” pronounced as “k”. Example: commercial.

To force “c” pronounce as “s” you need to use “ç” (cedilla or une cédille). Examples: comme ci, comme ça; France vs Français.


Be CaReFuL! Final Consonant Pronunciation in French

If a French word ends in C, R, F or L (the letters in CaReFuL), the final letter is pronounced.

If the word ends with another letter, the final letter is silent

This doesn’t work if the final letter is a “e”, “b”, “k” or “q” though. But since “b”, “k” and “q” are almost never used as final letters in French, the CaReFuL works in most cases.

Close Future

Le futur proche – Close Future

Aller + Infinitif

  • Je vais voyager avec ma famille – I am going to travel with my family
  • Tu vas chercher une nouvelle maison – You are going to find a new house
  • Il / Elle va partir pour un an – He / she is going to leave for a year
  • Nous allons chanter cette chanson – We are going to sing this song
  • Vous allez adorer ce film – You are going to love this movie
  • Ils / Elles vont boire un café – They are going to drink a coffee


Salut! [salju] Hi / Hello.

Bonjour! [boʒur] Good day / Good morning / Good afternoon. (Used up until 5 pm)

Bonsoir! [boswar] Good evening. (Used after 5 pm)

Au revoir! [o revwar] Good-bye.

À bientôt. [a bjɛtu] See you soon.

Merci beaucoup. [mersi boku] Thank you very much.

De rien. [də rjɛ] You are welcome. (Literally: It is nothing)

Excusez-moi. [ekskjuze mwa] Excuse me.

Je suis désolé. [ʒə swi dezole] I am sorry.


La verbe “être” [la verb etr] Verb “to be”

  • Je suis [ʒə sui] I am
  • Tu es [t’u e] You are
  • Il / Elle est [il’ / el’ e] He / She is
  • Nous sommes [nu so(m)] We are
  • Vous êtes [vuz et] You are
  • Ils / Elles sont [il’ / el’ so(n)] They (males) / They (females) are

La verbe “avoir” [l’a verb avuaʀ] Verb “to have”

  • J’ai [ʒei] I have
  • Tu as [t’u a] You have
  • Il / Elle a [il’ / el’ a] He / She has
  • Nous avons [nuz avo(n)] We have
  • Vous avez [vuz ave] You have
  • Ils / Elles ont [il’ / el’ zo(n)] They (males) / They (females) have

La verbe “aller” [l’a verb ale] Verb “to go”

  • Je vais [ʒə ve] I go
  • Tu vas [t’u va] You go
  • Il / Elle va [il’ / el’ va] He / She goes
  • Nous allons [nuz alo(n)] We go
  • Vous allez [vuz ale] You go
  • Ils / Elles vont [il’ / el’ vo(n)] They (males) / They (females) go

La verbe “faire” [l’a verb fer] Verb “to do”

  • Je fais [ʒə fe] I do
  • Tu fais [t’u fe] You do
  • Il / Elle fait [il’ / el’ fe] He / She does
  • Nous faisons [nu fezo(n)] We do
  • Vous faites [vu fet] You do
  • Ils / Elles font [il’ / el’ fo(n)] They (males) / They (females) do

La verbe “s’appeler” [l’a verb sapl’e] Verb “to call”

  • Je m’appelle [ʒə mapel’] My name is
  • Tu t’appelles [t’u tapel’] Your name is
  • Il / Elle s’appelle [il’ / el’ sapel’] His / Her name is
  • Nous nous appelons [nu nuz apelon] Our name is
  • Vous vous appelez [vu vuz apl’e] Your name is
  • Ils / Elles s’appellent [il’ / el’ sapel’] Their (males) / Their (females) name is