de / des

de – of/from

de+les=des – of the / from the (pl)

The address of the hotel. L’adresse de l’hôtel.

The address of the hotels. L’adresse des hôtels.

The address of the sister. L’adresse de la sœur.

The address of the sisters. L’adresse des sœurs.

The address of the restaurants. L’adresse des restaurants.

de / du

de – of/from

de+le=du – of the / from the (masculine)

The address of the hotel. – L’adresse de l’hôtel.

The address of the sister. – L’adresse de la sœur.

The address of the restaurant. – L’adresse du restaurant.

It is from the restaurant. – C’est du restaurant.

It is from Pierre. – C’est de Pierre.

French rules

Letter “C” pronounced as “S” or as “K”

“c” pronounced as “s” only before: “i” and “e”. Example: c’est cinema.

Before other letters “c” pronounced as “k”. Example: commercial.

To force “c” pronounce as “s” you need to use “ç” (cedilla or une cédille). Examples: comme ci, comme ça; France vs Français.


Be CaReFuL! Final Consonant Pronunciation in French

If a French word ends in C, R, F or L (the letters in CaReFuL), the final letter is pronounced.

If the word ends with another letter, the final letter is silent

This doesn’t work if the final letter is a “e”, “b”, “k” or “q” though. But since “b”, “k” and “q” are almost never used as final letters in French, the CaReFuL works in most cases.

Close Future

Le futur proche – Close Future

Aller + Infinitif

  • Je vais voyager avec ma famille – I am going to travel with my family
  • Tu vas chercher une nouvelle maison – You are going to find a new house
  • Il / Elle va partir pour un an – He / she is going to leave for a year
  • Nous allons chanter cette chanson – We are going to sing this song
  • Vous allez adorer ce film – You are going to love this movie
  • Ils / Elles vont boire un café – They are going to drink a coffee


Salut! [salju] Hi / Hello.

Bonjour! [boʒur] Good day / Good morning / Good afternoon. (Used up until 5 pm)

Bonsoir! [boswar] Good evening. (Used after 5 pm)

Au revoir! [o revwar] Good-bye.

À bientôt. [a bjɛtu] See you soon.

Merci beaucoup. [mersi boku] Thank you very much.

De rien. [də rjɛ] You are welcome. (Literally: It is nothing)

Excusez-moi. [ekskjuze mwa] Excuse me.

Je suis désolé. [ʒə swi dezole] I am sorry.


La verbe “être” [la verb etr] Verb “to be”

  • Je suis [ʒə sui] I am
  • Tu es [t’u e] You are
  • Il / Elle est [il’ / el’ e] He / She is
  • Nous sommes [nu so(m)] We are
  • Vous êtes [vuz et] You are
  • Ils / Elles sont [il’ / el’ so(n)] They (males) / They (females) are

La verbe “avoir” [l’a verb avuaʀ] Verb “to have”

  • J’ai [ʒei] I have
  • Tu as [t’u a] You have
  • Il / Elle a [il’ / el’ a] He / She has
  • Nous avons [nuz avo(n)] We have
  • Vous avez [vuz ave] You have
  • Ils / Elles ont [il’ / el’ zo(n)] They (males) / They (females) have

La verbe “aller” [l’a verb ale] Verb “to go”

  • Je vais [ʒə ve] I go
  • Tu vas [t’u va] You go
  • Il / Elle va [il’ / el’ va] He / She goes
  • Nous allons [nuz alo(n)] We go
  • Vous allez [vuz ale] You go
  • Ils / Elles vont [il’ / el’ vo(n)] They (males) / They (females) go

La verbe “faire” [l’a verb fer] Verb “to do”

  • Je fais [ʒə fe] I do
  • Tu fais [t’u fe] You do
  • Il / Elle fait [il’ / el’ fe] He / She does
  • Nous faisons [nu fezo(n)] We do
  • Vous faites [vu fet] You do
  • Ils / Elles font [il’ / el’ fo(n)] They (males) / They (females) do

La verbe “s’appeler” [l’a verb sapl’e] Verb “to call”

  • Je m’appelle [ʒə mapel’] My name is
  • Tu t’appelles [t’u tapel’] Your name is
  • Il / Elle s’appelle [il’ / el’ sapel’] His / Her name is
  • Nous nous appelons [nu nuz apelon] Our name is
  • Vous vous appelez [vu vuz apl’e] Your name is
  • Ils / Elles s’appellent [il’ / el’ sapel’] Their (males) / Their (females) name is